AI and IoT can implement smart traffic solutions to ensure that inhabitants of a smart city get from one point to another in the city as safely and efficiently as possible. The data feed from cameras is analyzed and notifies the users regarding the congestion and traffic signal malfunctions.
Finding a parking slot especially during holiday time is a real struggle. With road surface sensors embedded in the ground on parking spots, smart parking solutions can determine whether the parking spots are free or occupied and create a real-time parking map. This will also reduce the time drivers had to wait to find an empty space which would also help reducing congestion and pollution.
Waste collection and its proper management and disposal is an essential city service. This increase in the urban population necessitates the adoption of smart methods for waste management. Adopting AI for smart recycling and waste management can provide a sustainable waste management system.
Since crime is omnipresent, smart cities also require smart policing where law enforcement agencies employ evidence-based data-driven strategies that are effective, efficient, and economical. In Singapore, where this has already been initiated, a network of cameras and sensors have been installed in almost every corner which helps to identify people who are smoking in prohibited zones or are loitering from a high-rise housing. The cameras enable the authorities to monitor crowd density,cleanliness of public areas and also track the exact movement of all registered vehicles.
Street lights are necessary, but they consume a lot of energy, which can be reduced with the use of smart lighting. Besides this, the lamp posts can also be fitted with additional sensors, or serve as WI-Fi network hotspots. The lamps can also adjust the brightness based on the presence of pedestrians, cyclists or cars.It employs a real-time mesh network to trigger neighbouring lights and creates a safe circle of light around a human occupant.
The main motive of smart cities is to make a comfortable and convenient life for its inhabitants. Therefore, smart city infrastructure is not complete without smart governance. Smart governance implies the use of ICT intelligently in order to improve decision making through better collaboration among different stakeholders, including government and citizens. Smart governance would be able to use data, evidence, and other resources to improve decision making and compliance towards the needs of the citizens.